Durum wheat, also called pasta wheat or macaroni wheat, is a tetraploid species of wheat. Durum wheat pasta: The protein and gluten content of durum wheat is higher than that of maida and hence is a better choice than regular pasta. While choosing durum wheat pasta, ensure that it is whole grain durum because this wheat when pound to finer granules gives semolina which is not as healthy as the whole grains. Instead of white flour made pasta and macaronis durum wheat can give so many benefits like: Durum wheat has higher content of protein (17%) than usual kind of wheat (14%). Durum wheat can be a big help to diabetic and cardiovascular patients due to its high content of resistant starch.